China lithium ion battery pack manufacturers and the contribution to battery energy storage system (BESS) technologyLithiumBattery
China lithium ion battery pack manufacturers and the contribution to battery energy storage system (BESS) technology
BESS is an emerging battery energy storage system technology, and it is now leading on a global scale, especially for newer projects. Lithium ion batteries are also getting more popular because of the fall in cell costs. BESS makes it possible to store electricity intermittently generated for longer periods and with activation periods remain short. This has led to a reduction in the need for the generation of thermal power and grid power.
Energy supply security
BESS technology allows the security of energy supply and makes it possible to maintain supply even when there are wider power generation outages. These storage systems are now replacing diesel generators in places that continuously need power, such as hospitals. They help with load balancing and ensure a consistent energy supply through nation grids by storing energy that is in oversupply and then topping up when the need arises.
With wind power and solar, the utility of renewable energy, eclectic and smart management, and batteries is a great way of improving the efficiency and reliability of electric supply.
In the years to come, it will be possible to generate electricity all over and store it all over. It will also become possible to power almost everything. This is something that would be unattainable if batteries were not available.
Today, there is a very large installation of lithium ion batteries located in South Australia and powered by tesla. It boasts 100MV of capacity to supply electricity to 30,000 households when it dispatches at its peak output. When it operated for the first two years, it was estimated that the project had helped the consumers save well over 150M USD. Renewable energy costs have been falling, and with this, large lithium-ion BESS projects are steadily being established in different parts of the world. Government incentives have made it even more possible for greater developments to be introduced.
About a decade ago, there were only seven BESS in the United States and could account for a power capacity of 59 MW. This number has been increasing, and by 2018, there were around 125 BESS, accounting to a capacity of around 869MW.
The major drawback of the BESS technology is the fact that lithium cells may experience a thermal runaway. This means they can release toxic, flammable, and hot gases. When there is a large storage system, if one lithium cell fails, it can cascade to induce other individual cells.
There have been high-profile types of fires in South Korea and Arizona associated with these systems, but this led to the enhancement of safety standards and technologies to mitigate against the possible risks.
It is not a secret that lithium-ion batteries are here to stay and that the future is great. Chinese lithium battery manufacturers have continued to play a major role in improving battery safety and feature over the years.
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