The Pros And Cons Of Lithium Ion Batteries With Advantages and DisadvantagesLithiumBattery
The Pros And Cons Of Lithium Ion Batteries With Advantages and Disadvantages
Lithium ion batteries are one of the best types of rechargeable batteries that have been in demand and production for over two decades. With a high energy density, they are a better and powerful choice. It stands true compared to the previously famous nickel-cadmium ones.
Today, the China-based company JBBATTERY is a leading developer and producer of lithium-ion batteries. Let us look at the details of this product in this article.
What Do Lithium-ion Batteries Compose?
Four primary components comprise lithium-ion batteries. Firstly, it has a cathode responsible for determining the voltage and capacity of the product. It serves as the source and origin of the positively charged lithium ions. Then, it has the anode that enables and allows the electric current to flow through the batteries through and from an external circuit. When the battery is in a fully charged state, the lithium ions remain stored here.
The third component of lithium-ion batteries is the electrolyte. It consists of solvents, salts, and additives. The electrolyte acts as a medium, allowing the ions to move between the anode and the cathode.
Lastly, the batteries have a separator. It works like and as a physical barrier between the two charged electrodes, keeping them apart from each other.
Advantages of Lithium-ion Batteries
Lithium-ion batteries have numerous benefits, a few of which include the following:
• Energy: Lithium-ion batteries come with a higher energy density compared to others of their kind. They can proffer energy as high as 150 watts-hours per kilogram. On the other hand, nickel-cadmium batteries give about 60-70 WH/kg and the lead-acid ones 25 WH/kg only.
• Discharge Rate: Lithium-ion batteries have a low discharge rate, losing merely 5% of their stored or accumulated charge monthly. Thus, they have more robust and steadier charging capabilities, allowing them to last for extended periods between two consecutive charging times. Other similar products end up losing as high as 20% per month.
• Maintenance: Lithium-ion batteries can work with minimal to no upkeep. They do not require frequent and additional maintenance and priming.
• Types: Available in various kinds and sizes, lithium ion batteries find multiple applications conveniently and efficiently. They also come in different power requirements, suitable for assorted types of devices.
• Cell Voltage: Lithium-ion batteries can produce a voltage of about 3.6V per cell. Compared to other types that give 1.5-2 volts only, it is reasonably higher. It implies that the power management of lithium-ion batteries is better and simplified.
Disadvantages of Lithium-ion Batteries
Lithium-ion batteries have their share of drawbacks like all other things. They comprise:
• Flammability: The electrolyte used in lithium-ion batteries is combustible. When overheated, it can lead to small-scale fires.
• Protection: Lithium-ion batteries are comparatively less robust than other rechargeable batteries. Hence, they require protection from overcharging, overheating, and complete discharging. They need a shielding circuit to maintain the current and voltage within safe standards and limits.
• Expensive: Lithium-ion batteries have costlier production and manufacture, making them almost 40% more expensive than the nickel-cadmium ones.
• Aging: Although they last more than the others of their kind, lithium-ion batteries have a finite lifespan. They can withstand use for about 500-1000 charge and discharge cycles only before failing. The aging of the batteries takes place and ensues even when they are not in use.
Due to its disadvantages, lithium-ion batteries receive competition through saltwater-powered ones.
For more about the pros and cons of lithium ion batteries,you can pay a visit to JB Battery at https://www.jbbatterychina.com/china-72v-100ah-lifepo4-battery-pack-technology-overview.html for more info.