Lithium-ion Battery Pack For Floor Electric Wheelchair And Mobility Scooter
What Kind of Battery Does a Wheelchair Use?
Electric wheelchairs provide mobility for millions of people who lack the ability to operate a manual wheelchair, while also making it much easier to access steep inclines and other challenging terrain. Electric wheelchairs accomplish all of this through the use of battery power. Today we’ll be taking a closer look at wheelchair batteries. We’ll outline the different types of batteries available to wheelchair users, break down a few of the pros and cons of each and share some valuable tips on how to charge and maintain them so you can get the best performance possible out of your electric wheelchair.
What Voltage are Wheelchair Batteries?
When discussing wheelchair batteries there are two important things to consider, voltage and chemistry. Let’s start with voltage. All wheelchair batteries are 12 volt batteries, however most wheelchairs are powered by a 24 volt system. That means that you need two 12 volt batteries in order to run most electric wheelchairs.
When shopping for wheelchair batteries, it’s important that both batteries have the same chemistry and battery capacity, which is measured in amp hours (Ah). Not sure what an amp hour is? No worries; an amp hour is just a fancy way of telling you how much amperage a battery can provide for exactly one hour. The more amp hours in a battery, the longer your wheelchair will be able to run.
How Long Do Wheelchair Batteries Last?
A fully charged wheelchair battery is designed to provide around eight hours of use and last between one and two years. Your battery’s actual lifespan, however, will depend on a number of factors, including how often you use your wheelchair, the amount of weight that you transport, the type of terrain you use it on and whether you are charging your wheelchair battery properly.
How Do You Find a Wheelchair Battery Charger?
The most important rule to follow when charging a battery is to make sure that the charger you use is compatible with the chemistry and voltage of your battery. So, if you have two 12 volt gel sealed lead acid batteries in your wheelchair, the charger you use needs to be compatible with gel batteries and have an output of 24 volts. Many modern battery chargers like the Duracell Ultra Wheelchair Charger have different settings for different battery chemistries. When using a charger with multiple settings, always be sure it is set to the right chemistry before attempting to charge your battery.
Can You Overcharge a Wheelchair Battery?
Both under- and overcharging can be harmful to your battery. For that reason it’s important to monitor the charging process to make sure that batteries are charging for the proper amount of time. Alternatively, you can pick up a smart or automatic charger. Automatic chargers monitor your battery to maintain the ideal charge. They will automatically switch themselves off to avoid overcharging your battery and begin charging again once your battery begins to discharge.
How Do You Charge a Wheelchair Battery?
Here are a few additional steps to follow when charging your wheelchair battery.
What Type of Battery Does a Wheelchair Use?
Now let’s talk chemistry. Electric wheelchairs can run on two different types of batteries: deep cycle lithium-ion battery packs. JB BATTERY lithium-ion batteries produce electricity through a series of chemical reactions that take place between the plates packed inside them and a sulfuric acid solution called an electrolyte.
In a JB BATTERY lithium-ion battery pack, the electrolyte is held in suspension by a series of fiberglass separators that hold the solution between the battery’s plates. In a gel battery, the electrolyte contains a silica additive that turns the electrolyte into a gel-like mass. One other term that we should define here is deep cycle. Deep cycle batteries are engineered to provide small, sustained levels of power for long periods of time. This enhanced cycle life allows deep cycle batteries to be used for hours at a time, making them a great fit for use in wheelchairs.
Deep cycle batteries need to be fully discharged before you recharge them
It should take about 8 hours to fully recharge a wheelchair battery
Be sure to fully recharge your battery before using it again
Do not store your battery in a discharged state; fully recharge your battery before attempting to store it.
Always store your battery in a cool, dry place
Periodically check your battery for corrosion or other signs of deformation
Where Can I Get My Wheelchair Battery Tested?
If your battery is having a hard time holding a charge or isn’t lasting as long as it used to, you should have the battery tested. Batteries Plus offers free battery testing. Just bring your wheelchair battery to the nearest Batteries Plus location and we’ll let you know if it’s still viable or needs to be replaced. If you do need a replacement, we have plenty of wheelchair batteries available, as well as a selection of wheelchair battery chargers.
With JB BATTERY lithium-ion battery pack charging faster and lasting longer, there Is less downtime. The most reliable lithium battery for the electric wheelchair.